A great photo containing a rather interesting quote from Neil deGrasse Tyson courtesy of I Fucking Love Science. Post link – https://www.facebook.com/IFeakingLoveScience/photos/pb.367116489976035.-2207520000.1408660092./910695152284830/?type=1&theaterIMG_1216.PNG

Would you, dear reader, drink ‘raw’ milk? I am curious.

Source - Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

Source – Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

The Centers of Disease Control (CDC), the United States’ leading public health authority, defines ‘raw’ milk as – milk that has not been pasteurised to kill harmful germs (Centers of Disease Control, 2013). The CDC then goes on to state that these germs include bacteria, viruses and parasites. I find the use of the term ‘germs’ interesting, as this is a colloquial term. However the article is aimed at a lay audience (the public) and this may explain the use of this and other terms, and even the informal style of the article. But I digress…….

‘Raw’ milk is milk that is not pasteurised. Pasteurisation, is defined by the Collins Dictionary (2014) as the process of heating beverages, such as milk, beer, wine, or cider, or solid foods, such as cheese or crab meat, to destroy harmful or undesirable microorganisms or to limit the rate of fermentation by the application of controlled heat. Dairy Australia describes the process of pasteurisation of milk – milk is heated to approximately 72ºC, held at this temperature for no less than 15 seconds and then cooled immediately to 4ºC or less (Dairy Australia, 2009).

Therefore pasteurisation kills harmful bacteria present in milk. So if ‘raw’ milk is unpasteurised, are pathogenic bacteria such as Campylobacter jejuni, Salmonella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli) present in ‘raw’ milk? And what risk does drinking ‘raw’ milk pose? Are you likely to suffer food poisoning from drinking ‘raw’ milk?

I will delve deeper into these questions.


Centers of Disease Control. (2013). Raw (Unpasteurised) Milk. Retrieved August 16, 2014 from  http://www.cdc.gov/features/rawmilk/

Collins Dictionary. (2014). Pasteurisation. Retrieved August 16, 2014 from http://www.collinsdictionary.com/dictionary/english/pasteurisation

Dairy Australia. (2009). Producing Australian Diary Foods. Retrieved August 16, 2014 from http://www.dairyaustralia.com.au/~/media/Documents%20archive/Good%20Health%20Fact%20Sheets%20OLD/Producing%20Dairy%20Foods%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf

Source - Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

Source – Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

I have been reading a little about the debate (controversy) centred around ‘raw’ milk. See my post Controversial Science for the background on why I am researching and writing about this topic. At first glance it may seem pretty straight forward. Health departments and Governments ban the sale of ‘raw’ milk (milk that is not pasteurised) and reiterate the risk of contracting food borne bacterial pathogens if you drink ‘raw’ milk. ‘Raw’ milk advocates – farmers, food-lovers, libertarians, alternative lifestyle followers etc, advocate the health and taste benefits of ‘raw’ milk and campaign for decreased government control. But this is just the tip of the iceberg so to say. As I read further I suspect I will uncover the complex nature of this controversy and the multiple factors at play.

As a start, I asked a number of my friends (a chef, an administrator, an aged care worker, an engineer, an architect) about their views on the topic. Their views were varied, complex and support both sides of the argument. What are my views you may ask. I have an opinion, but my role is to discuss this controversy and not way into the debate too much. This may be harder than I think.

Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

Source – Wikimedia. Licensed under Creative Commons

Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux. Licensed under Creative Commons

Copyright © 2004 David Monniaux. Licensed under Creative Commons

I am studying a postgraduate degree in communication, majoring in science communication. In one of my courses, Controversial Science, we are learning all about controversies in science and the role of communication in these controversies. Topics of controversy and/or public debate can include -

  • Climate change
  • GMO food
  • Water fluoridation
  • Recycled Drinking water
  • Coal seam gas exploration and extraction
  • Vaccination
  • Unpasteurised (‘raw’) milk

And the list goes on……..

For assessment we are to pick a particular controversy and write a blog about this topic. As we blog we need to examine the nature of the controversy, how it arose, who or what are the opposing sides, the role of communication in the controversy, and how the controversy might be resolved. And as a bonus we will learn the practical ins and out of blogging in science communication.

So over the coming months I will be regularly posting on my chosen controversial science topic. And my topic is -

  • Unpasteurised (‘raw’) milk

Stay tuned dear readers!


I have been extremely inactive on my blog since October last year. Writing for an online Feminist magazine, making my first forays into learning and performing burlesque, and finally studying science communication at university took me away from my blogs. I’m a bad blogger.

Having been set a blogging assignment as part of my sci com studies has inspired me to write a post after so many inactive months. We have to create a blog and post regularly on a controversial science topic or issue. I have my thinking cap on and have started reading blogs again (I have been rather slack in this department too). Perhaps I will share my newly minted blog here, if permitted. This assignment has got me excited and inspired again!


Originally posted on Lipstick On My Lab Coat:

I just read a very interesting article by Tom Welton, a Professor of Sustainable Chemistry at Imperial College London, in the Guardian – Gay Prejudice? It’s not easy admitting you’re a scientist. Certainly raises a few points around LGBT scientists coming out to the LGBT community and seeming disinterest in science within that community. Out LGBT scientists are just as important role models as out out LGBT sports people, musicians, artists and activists. LGBT youth interested in science need to see that there are people like them that have chosen careers in science.

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